Watch to learn more about IRG1 and meet some of the researchers in the I-MRSEC.

The interdisciplinary research in IRG-MAX (Metallic Antiferromagnets and the eXcitations) is designed to advance understanding of the synthesis-structure-property relationships of metallic antiferromagnetic materials. Our key goal is to answer open questions concerning the coupling of magnetic order, optical fields, electronic excitations, and lattice vibrations that underlie fundamental limits on the control of magnetization dynamics using ultrafast optics, fast temperature excursions, and ultrafast currents of heat and charge. Antiferromagnetic order cannot be switched with an external magnetic field. Recent experiments and theory have demonstrated, however, that antiferromagnetic order can be manipulated by spin-orbit-torques generated by charge currents and optical excitation by circularly polarized light. The fundamental time-scales of magnetization dynamics in antiferromagnets are thought be two orders of magnitude faster than in ferromagnets, but have not yet been observed. We focus on metals due to their high electrical and thermal conductivities, and strong interactions of electrons, spin, and phonons.

New Material and new science:

Advance understanding and control of metallic antiferromagnets (AF)

  1. Zero net magnetization is both a challenge and an opportunity for science and technology
  2. Higher density, faster, more robust than ferromagnetic domains
  3. THz sources and detectors
  4. Why now? Spin orbit torques provide a new approach for manipulating AF order
IRG1
Project Goals
Determine the coupling of magnetic order, optical fields,
electronic excitations, and lattice vibrations that underlie
fundamental limits on the control of magnetic order and
magnetization dynamics.
Discover new materials with enhanced response.
Project Leader(s)
Related Publications

M. H. Karigerasi, K. Kang, G. E. Granroth, A. Banerjee, A. Schleife, and D. P. Shoemaker, "Strongly two-dimensional exchange interactions in the in-plane metallic antiferromagnet Fe2As probed by inelastic neutron scattering," Physical Review Materials, 4, 114416 (2020). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.114416

K. Yang, K. Kang, Z. Diao, M. H. Karigerasi, D. P. Shoemaker, A. Schleife, and D. G. Cahill, "Magnetocrystalline anisotropy of the easy-plane metallic antiferromagnet Fe2As," Physical Review B 102, 064415 (2020). DOI:  10.1103/PhysRevB.102.064415

S. Siddiqui, J. Sklenar, K. Kang, M. J. Gilbert, A. Schleife, N. Mason, and A. Hoffmann, "Metallic antiferromagnets," Journal of Applied Physics 128(4) 040904 (2020). DOI: 10.1063/5.0009445

K. Yang, K. Kang, Z. Diao, A. Ramanathan, M. H. Karigerasi, D. P. Shoemaker, A. Schleife, and D. Cahill, "Magneto-optic response of the metallic antiferromagnet Fe2As to ultrafast temperature excursions," Physical Review Materials 3, 124408 (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.124408

M. H. Karigerasi, K. Kang, A. Ramanathan, D. L. Gray, M. D. Frontzek, H. Cao, A. Schleife, and D. P. Shoemaker, "In-plane hexagonal antiferromagnet in the Cu-Mn-As system Cu0.82Mn1.18As," Physical Review Materials 3, 111402(R) (2019). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.3.111402.